Ifigenia Martínez is a Mexican economist and Senator appointed for the second time in Congress. Mrs. Martinez has a long and distinguished career in the Mexican government and academic institutions. She got her BA in political economy from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) and her Masters degree in Economics from Harvard University. When she returned to Mexico, she started working both at the Ministry of Finance designing a new tax system and at the UNAM where she taught Public Finance, having earned the Banamex National Prize in Economics for her seminal work on Income Distribution. In 1966 she was appointed head of the Economics department at the UNAM and she was awarded Woman of the Year. In 1968 as head of the Economics department she participated in the student movement defending the autonomy of the Mexican University. From 1970 till 1976 she held various positions in the Ministry of Finance and the National Fund for Rural Development. In 1976 she was elected Congresswoman for the first time. In 1981 she served as deputy Mexican Ambassador to the United Nations. In 1987-1988 she founded the Partido de la Revolución Democrática and was elected for the first time Senator of the Republic from an opposition party. In 2012 she was again elected as Congresswoman and in 2018 again as Senator form the Movimiento de Renovación Nacional, where she supported the now-president of Mexico. Mrs Martinez has been a prolific writer on income distribution, agricultural studies, political economy and public finance. Mrs Martínez was recently awarded the Honoris Causa PhD from the University of Guadalajara. She has three daughters and a son.